Label-Free Detection of the Receptor-Binding Domain of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein at Physiologically Relevant Concentrations Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy - Laboratoire de Recherche en Nanosciences - EA 4682 Access content directly
Journal Articles Biosensors Year : 2022

Label-Free Detection of the Receptor-Binding Domain of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein at Physiologically Relevant Concentrations Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy

Abstract

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy is a surface- or cavity-enhanced variant of Raman scattering spectroscopy that allows the detection of analytes with a sensitivity down to single molecules. This method involves the use of SERS-active surfaces or cavities capable of concentrating incident radiation into small mode volumes containing the analyte. Here, we have engineered an ultranarrow metal–dielectric nano-cavity out of a film of the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) glycoprotein and a silver surface, held together by interaction between reduced protein sulfhydryl groups and silver. The concentration of light in this nano-cavity allows the label-free recording of the characteristic Raman spectra of protein samples smaller than 1 pg. This is sufficient for the ultrasensitive detection of viral protein antigens at physiologically relevant levels. Moreover, the protein SERS signal can be increased by several orders of magnitude by coating the RBD film with a nanometer-thick silver shell, thereby raising the cavity Q-factor. This ensures a sub-femtogram sensitivity of the viral antigen detection. A simple theoretical model explaining the observed additional enhancement of the SERS signal from the silver-coated protein is proposed. Our study is the first to obtain the characteristic Raman and SERS spectra of the RBD of S glycoprotein, the key SARS-CoV-2 viral antigen, directly, without the use of Raman-reporter molecules. Thus, our approach allows label-free recording of the characteristic spectra of viral antigens at concentrations orders of magnitude lower than those required for detecting the whole virus in biological media. This makes it possible to develop a high-performance optical detection method and conformational analysis of the pathogen and its variants.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
biosensors-12-00300-v2.pdf (4.79 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Dates and versions

hal-03713051 , version 1 (04-07-2022)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Andrey K Sarychev, Alyona Sukhanova, Andrey V Ivanov, Igor V Bykov, Nikita V Bakholdin, et al.. Label-Free Detection of the Receptor-Binding Domain of the SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein at Physiologically Relevant Concentrations Using Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy. Biosensors, 2022, 12 (5), pp.300. ⟨10.3390/bios12050300⟩. ⟨hal-03713051⟩

Collections

CNRS URCA LRN
40 View
22 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More